Share Campus

검색

상세검색

Justice: What's The Right Thing To Do? Episode 04: "THIS LAND IS MY LAND"

강의소개

  • 강연자/제작자 Michael J. Sandel
  • 소속기관Harvard University
  • 저작권cc-BY-NC-SA
  • 조회414
  • 추천
  • 댓글0




PART ONE: THIS LAND IS MY LAND

The philosopher John Locke believes that individuals have certain rights so fundamental that no government can ever take them away. These rights—to life, liberty and property—were given to us as human beings in the the state of nature, a time before government and laws were created. According to Locke, our natural rights are governed by the law of nature, known by reason, which says that we can neither give them up nor take them away from anyone else. Sandel wraps up the lecture by raising a question: what happens to our natural rights once we enter society and consent to a system of laws?

PART TWO: CONSENTING ADULTS

If we all have unalienable rights to life, liberty, and property, how can a government enforce tax laws passed by the representatives of a mere majority? Doesnt that amount to taking some peoples property without their consent? Lockes response is that we give our tacit consent to obey the tax laws passed by a majority when we choose to live in a society. Therefore, taxation is legitimate and compatible with individual rights, as long as it applies to everyone and does not arbitrarily single anyone out.


코멘트쓰기

0 / 250


전체 댓글수 :

    관련자료

      관련자료가 없습니다.

    더보기

    논문자료

      관련자료가 없습니다.

    더보기